MIRANDA, Joanita Rodrigues de Sousa 
MIRANDA, Joanita Rodrigues de Sousa. School transport: ensuring access and citizenship. Multidisciplinary Core scientific journal of knowledge 1 Year. Vol. 8. pp-100-106. September 2016. ISSN. 2448-0959
The present study aims to present the real situation of School Transport in Tocantins and be treated the prospect of access to citizenship experienced by public school students through the viability of the school transport provided by public authorities under State and Municipal levels, discusses the current legislation and its applicability. In this way, the thematic proposal will point the benefits and harm of students, especially students from rural area, obtained after the implementation of the free school transport; and in parallel it discusses monitoring and the need for improvements in the school bus offered by the Government; also, presents proposals for insertion of the theme before the tocantinense population.
Keywords: School Transport; Gratuity, Accessibility, Citizenship; Public Administration.
In recent years is notorious that the index of truancy has increased gradually, especially for children and teenagers living in the rural area in counties in the State, and this is, without a shadow of a doubt the lack of policies, teaching materials, clothing and especially School transport.
2. School transport duty and ensuring access
As well as advocating Law Magna every child's right to education, however, for this right to be considered and to which the child can have quality education depends on several factors, one being that the school bus is one of the most important. Although it is a State's obligation to offer school transport, law is not always respected, also fits all society supervision of the applicability of this obligation. It is known that several municipalities are and are devoid of their own fleets to meet the demand of students, however, it is up to those cities hiring school bus by a third party, but with the same obligations and particularizações of existing legislation. It follows that the costs with school transport in municipalities are guaranteed in Law 9394/96, art. 70, VIII4. In the same Law discipline in its title III, art. 4, VIII, as the duty of the State. It is the duty of the municipality, in the case of recruitment, enforcement actions to give more security to students and parents peace of mind, which leave the care of the transport companies that they have more precious than are their children. Hire companies duly registered and inspected, to prevent the illegal transport of our children and young people. This would allow greater safety, comfort and above all quality in services provided to students using school transport. These laws are portrayed and secured these rights and often not respected, is at least one embarrassing situation for the rulers, because corruption and overcomes some discontent, making citizens no longer have access to education to be easy prey to manipulation. Help provide quality transport, possibly intentional, so that our students stop attending classes, is one of the pitfalls of public power. And we Brazilians must be attentive to our rights. We should charge because we have fulfilled our obligations to our nation, so it is up to us education, health and housing.
3. DUTY, LAW AND CITIZENSHIP
As stipulates the Magna Carta is the duty of the State to provide education for all citizens, offering public school and means necessary for school attendance. In this case, the school transport is ensured by law and it is up to the municipalities provide students enrolled in public schools. Students who have no financial conditions to pay for transportation to school are provided by law, by the Federal Constitution, as well, the availability of this means of transport is no luxury but a law student. However, our rulers often forget to fulfill their duties. Points in recent studies the school transport, mainly rural, must urgently undergo an x-ray, the problems encountered, especially as the old bus fleets and unable to transport people
School transportation for students who need, whether in urban or rural area. We understand that it is a citizen's right, quality education and notably that education depends on other factors, and the free school transport is a primary factor for those who do not have conditions to take the public transport paid and is still the right of those who live in places far away from schools. And in another moment we have to highlight that it is a matter of citizenship. If the citizen complies with his duties, either with the payment of taxes, is to their civic duties and in a democratic society in which we elect our representatives through the vote, at least, it is the duty of the State to guarantee them the basics, i.e. education, health, housing, among others. Want all school-age child is attending school is not enough. It is necessary to give access to these children. The school bus is in the set of rights that citizenship. We need to have and give education to our population, so that we have a better future, with critical and independent citizens, but for this to happen it is essential that we make and we demand it done something now. When the school bus is seen as the right of the citizen and the citizen can become the constructor of a decent society, such transport is taken as qualitário. Point out mistakes is not enough we need to roll up our sleeves and fight for a fairer society.
4. URBAN SCHOOL TRANSPORTATION
The school urban transport can occur on buses of the municipality, in the case of small municipalities or through public transportation of private companies, being assured the student, the school or school card pass to cover the burden of mass transit fare. The availability of this tariff by means that can be controlled by the secretariats of education are considered the best, once the student may use the public transportation, generally supervised in shortest time and with the right conditions for the transport of persons.
The school bus is not only a citizen's right, but it's a question of citizenship, as mentioned in above lines. Multithreaded, NGOs, publishers, among others, are developing work targeted to insert into the regular curriculum a discipline focused on traffic Education. A great motivating and supportive in our country is the greatest, Suzanne reference in the field of traffic Education in Brazil, has published books, articles, has developed projects in various educational institutions, always seeking to insert in the traffic education curriculum, especially in middle school. Believing that education should start in childhood and, consequently, the child will take to his adult life this learning.
5. RESULTS ACHIEVED
It is a fact that between 2010 and 2013 the Tocantins State handed over to municipalities a 212 bus fleet, having been signed a lease Term of these vehicles. However, the lack of maintenance is the major factor for the reduction of the lifetime of the vehicles. Given this, a technical assistance with these municipalities and held a "checklist" twice a year, in addition to collecting the practical result of DMV inspection. "What exists today is a DMV oversight, but which shows no practical result, because although attested incapacity these cars continue to operate". It was about the notes road conditions and the distance that the student walks between the boarding and disembarkation. "All points will be recorded in the minutes and exposed, from this fiscalizaremos if everything that was discussed at the meeting was fulfilled or not," he said.
Earlier this year, the value per student and the delay in the transfer of the State to the municipalities were the issues that caused divergence as to the provision of school transport. Given this impasse and the discontinuity of the service was made agreement, on 1 March, between Government and prefectures, in which it was agreed the increased value/student of $ 4 to $ 7 in first five transfers and 7.50 R$ in five recent transfers of 2016. Luciana Souza, ensured that the problem was solved in almost all municipalities, with only a few technical and permissions settings in some municipalities such as Araguaína, for example. The relocation of students to schools closer to their homes has been the main wear, since many parents do not accept the suggested schools. Luciana also stated that students who started classes later will not be harmed, because there is already a determination for the replacement school. Of the 139 municipalities of Tocantins, carrying 136 23,906 rural students of the State network.
The Dmv explained that this inspection is performed on the entire fleet of vehicles to carry out the school transport, including vehicles belonging to the State, the municipalities and private property. According to the organ the 61% reported by the MPE are mostly private vehicles.
As regards vehicles not suitable, the Dmv says they are not approved, and therefore do not receive the biannual authorization to exercise the activity of school transport. In the case of vehicles fail to continue to perform the carriage, "these are definitely erratic and subject to punishment".
Check out below the complete DMV Note: Surveillance and security management of Detran-TO reports that the survey of school transport is performed, every six months, in order to accredit the vehicles and drivers able to perform the function. The survey is carried out on the entire fleet of vehicles to carry out the school transport, including vehicles belonging to the State, the municipalities and private property. Therefore, the information, disclosed by Cleber Portal Toledo, on Thursday, 10, that "61% of the vehicles that perform school transport are unsuitable for the activity", with respect to this amount. The majority of private vehicles. As regards vehicles not suitable, these are not approved by the Dmv Tocantins, and therefore do not receive the biannual authorization to exercise the activity of school transport. In the case of vehicles fail to continue to perform the carriage, these are definitely erratic and subject to punishment.
Before the study, it is concluded that the school bus helps many students, but must still be improved. Mainly, more supervised for safety in the transportation of these students. There is still the need for a greater number of vehicles at the disposal of small municipalities to do service for the entire needy population of school age. There is to emphasize that the Government should prioritize in addition to quality education which is the right of every citizen, the conditions necessary to ensure that our children and young people enjoy the teaching for better living conditions of educational, cultural and professional. Finally, the need for implementation of public policies to improve the school bus in Tocantins, guarantee so what recommends the law, namely, accessibility, gratuity and the transparency of the application of resources.
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