SEIDEL, Marisa Frohlich 
SEIDEL, Marisa Frohlich. Contemporary art: art and life. Multidisciplinary Core Scientific knowledge magazine, year 1, vol. 7, pp. 52-62. August 2016. ISSN:0959-2448
This article leads us to travel the incredible world of contemporary art, and thus a huge dip in the human mind, seeking numerous questions about life and the way we live. Contemporary art allows the artist to express himself through the most varied forms; with the use of everyday materials art was interacting with people, leaving museums and going to the population, in order to make you think and make people reflect about art and about life.
Keywords: Art, Contemporary, Life, Society, World.
The study of contemporary art gives us a different view of the world, reaching a new and different sense things and objects. The present article will portray the importance of contemporary art in people’s lives, because it is through art that often we come to see things before we would not be able to view and recreate all around us, and can think, know and even feel, all through art.
Contemporary art allows us to see the world differently, with different eyes, causes we picked up things that are around us, and this view means knowing, and therefore understand, think and rethink what we see, so we make a critical reading of the world in which we are part, where we can leave marks in order to contribute to the story. When we see more, learn more, too, so we expand our possibilities of contact with our own reality to understand more what is part of ourselves, because the search art critical thinking in relation to the world around us, relating how art and life.
THE ART IN CONTEMPORARY TIMES
At first the contemporary art involves us so with that we’ve completely lost the path of our ideas, there is no more sense, everything is confused; but is this mess that something new comes along, it’s this new reborn with an overwhelming force, penetrating the mind, making human beings think and reflect through art about his life, turning so the contemporary art in a song for our ears and a mirage to our eyes, our soul, and invading our being, the human being simply thinking.
Contemporary art leads us to travel through the colors and shapes that surround us, representing our current events so that the viewer interpret the most varied forms, together with the man and his story at events that reflect the social context of the time it is entered.
The contemporary artists, as throughout history, show through his art of thinking time, requesting a new form of representation of current problems, she is well diversified and wide in all aspects; It is characterized by a strategic link with the political and social transformations of our time.
Art is a fundamental activity for the human being, because when the man produces, he interacts with the world he lives in and with yourself. It is necessary for human beings to become able to meet and thus able to change something. Is able to move the soul, because it expresses feelings. It has the function of stimulating human thought, to think about the world in which it is inserted and her way of life, all because the art is a knowledge, a very strong human expression, it is a cry from the soul.
Through art we can create and recreate all, give a new meaning to our existence, depicting the gift from our own way to collaborate with the story; story in which each is present, thus leaving marked our time, our today, our contemporaneity.
Contemporary artists work according to his will and necessity, since nowadays everything can be considered art, so what is at stake is the creativity of each one, because what we have is a range of shapes and materials to work with, just look at with an artistic eye and with an immense desire to create and innovate. We have to keep in mind is the objective that we wish to achieve, because what else is there are ways to go, and this varies according to each artist; and what counts is the thought and not the technique.
… There doesn’t seem to be any more particular material that enjoy the privilege of being instantly recognizable as art material: recent art has used not only paint, metal and stone, but also air, light, sound, words, people, food and many other things. (ARCHER, 2001, preface).
A work of art must pass an idea of reflection, that leads the Viewer to think, and question what you’re watching and analyzing, and not simply view, thinking you’ve got it, thus reducing the ordinary meaning; contemporary art goes way instead, she wants the apce of human thought, entering with its true function, which is to make people think.
The problem is that these people use a single verb: understanding. Understand means reducing a work intelligible to the sphere. I’ve never heard anyone say: I couldn’t feel this work. As people are afraid of feeling, they understand, reduce its relationship to the Act intelligible and, therefore, waiting for help from the supposed beacon of opinion of those who know: historians, philosophers, critics, artists, curators. (COCCHIARALE, 2006, p. 14).
The phrase that predominates in contemporary art is: is this art? Art questions itself, question the visible, interrogate its meaning and its condition in the world, rejecting the absolute truth. There is no longer a true true, what predominates is the relativity of concepts, allowing multiple artistic results.
The art world-ready vision denies, desiring to change the perception people had of him and of his own art. To be perceived and have your intentions, the work should stand out, differ from everyday images. For it caused strange visions, weird, enigmatic, even repulsive, so as to provoke the public’s reaction. The artwork came to be discussed and spoken, with the goal of making people think, reflect and share what they freely might imagine. In the contemporary world, the art would be the only instance possible to think and act with total freedom. It is to be free to think freely about art, about the contemporary. Art can reflect about our reality.
“The main direction of work of art, therefore, its ability to intervene in the historical process of society and art and, at the same time, he determined, indicating thereby the dialectic of his relationship with the world. “(FUSARI and FERRAZ, 1993, p. 105)
Our society is full of colors and shapes that attract our eye, we penetrate in the forms, and this allows us a trip to the creative act, because through our senses can interact with all the outside world, and also with our interior in the form of thought and dream.
EXPRESSIONS OF CONTEMPORARY ART
Contemporary art is formed through different styles, techniques and movements. The “diversity” is the key word to describe the expressions of contemporary art. The artistic categories are no longer taken so seriously. They don’t know how to classify a work. To produce a work of art, it is no longer necessary to use only brushes and paints, in contemporary art any material can be considered part of a work, including actions and thoughts.
An example of the diversity of contemporary art is conceptual art, which is the predominance of the idea of the artistic object terminated. The thought of the artist is greater than the end result, and it can even be dispensable; much of the conceptual artists aims, with this type of procedure, popularizing the art, to serve as a vehicle of communication. In this way the production of tangible material can even be done by someone else, not necessarily the artist. What matters is the artistic thought, the concept, what is formulated intellectually before its materialization.
Another manifestation are the urban interventions, that come to criticize, interact and analyze to our present discussion, values, beliefs and social identities. Appear as an alternative to direct dialogue with the society, able to call each other the art with the individual. This artistic medium interferes directly in the daily life of the people, because they are works of art that blend the routine of a city.
As says Maria Angélica Melendi, about urban interventions, they serve to:
Open in the small trails that let drain and dissolve the unbearable weight of this one increasingly opaque and complex. Fit note that currently in the Visual Arts, the language of urban intervention precipitates a expanded space for reflection for the contemporary thought. Available at: (http://www.intervencaourbana.org/)
Installation, another contemporary manifestation allows a great possibility of supports; its realization can integrate numerous features, but always with the questioning of his own space and time, absorbing and building everything around, and at the same time Deconstructing.
The installation consists of installing an action at any given place, sharpening the critical sense and creative population, causing it to a deeper analysis on given situation.
You could say that installation is a mirror of our time, messes with the senses of the audience, and makes viewers experience different sensations, whether they are pleasant or annoying. The viewer participates in the work, and not only enjoy because, from the moment that the artwork is placed in the urban scenario, it is no longer exposed to static, eyes of people targeted in some way to the arts, but subject to all that is around you, getting all sorts of public interpretation and suffering numerous transformations per second.
DUE TO THIS DIVERSITY OF MANIFESTATIONS, IT IS DIFFICULT TO DEFINE THE CONTEMPORARY ART
For some critics, the most important feature of contemporary art is his attempt to create paintings and sculptures geared to themselves and thus distinguish the earlier art forms that conveyed the ideas of political or religious institutions. … the contemporary artists are no longer funded by these institutions, have more freedom to assign personal meanings to his works. This attitude is, in General, named as art for art’s sake, a point of view almost always interpreted as art without political or religious ideology. Although the Government and religious institutions not be most arts, many contemporary artists sought to convey political messages or spiritual. Available at: (http://www.coladaweb.com/artes/arte-contemporanea-part-1)
Contemporary art, in effect to this day, comprises a plurality of movements and languages. In addition to the diversity of proposals, the languages are different and sometimes contradictory, creating in this way a special look to each of them, and more provocative with each human being. The Viewer requires greater attention and a look that thinks, a vision that makes reading. The artist fits thinking art, invent/reinvent art, art criticism, and so produce a differential art.
ART AND SOCIETY
The field of art has become increasingly broad and without borders, so the change means a considerable reform established standards, as well as in the mind of viewers. Art is an independent vehicle of communication, a space of transition. The city participates in the art, not as a gallery, but involved organically with her, being impossible to shutdown with the arts system.
The basic motivation of contemporary art is to create a dialogue with the popular culture, that means represent what’s going on in society, which is on the rise in a given time and the way people act.
Contemporary art is defined as the art of rebellion, the desire to surprise, the quest for originality at any cost. Artistic manifestations occur due to a need of the human being to sort and make sense of their experience and vision of the world and that every human being, from any culture, age, gender and social level is able to create, produce and marvel at the art.
We realize that the art walks with the story, which always accompanies us, reporting facts of each season. When the story was telling us about the Court, thou art reflected that too, years after, the exploitation of land and labour, surely the art depicted in the same way, because as already mentioned art and life go together, so we are part of a story that is not separating art and vice versa.
Nowadays the art goes beyond, can we say that people were also beyond the usual, normal, aside from the doldrums, but it can also be said that the people were besides themselves, going over everything and everyone, and this same way contemporary art manifests itself, going beyond the usual, to enter at the same pace of society that often doesn’t know its course and not his goal, however, comes the art to make people think about this turbulence of information, where a look can change a life.
Contemporary art meets the world, one way to toe-to-toe, but with different objectives. We live in a consumer society, where the have precedence over the be, where everything can and nothing can at the same time, a place where people simply survive, going in search of consumer goods, living for work and not simply to be happy and make others happy.
The current society is lacking in moral values, where life has become mechanical, human beings act automatically, without having to think, because life is a routine, in which the human being, which now seems to be more so human, performs his act by habit because society wants it. Contemporary art complaint this reality, in search of more thoughtful beings and critics terms before the world we live in, challenges us to think about the reality, turning into art, anything which is not obvious to our eyes, this way causing in a memory lapse, pass us a movie before our eyes and in our conscious seeking to soften the individualist, capitalist system, showing that apart from us, there is a world that also rotates and makes us better beings before themselves and especially towards society.
In contemporary culture overlap, paradigms and languages projects. A plural with multiple axes and many questions. In this scenario, considered as the end of modernity, the original form of the survival of life on Earth arise differently, more current and original. In environmental terms, in the sense of the need for the maintenance and implementation of the balance of all life; in ethical terms, given the large and diverse human groups imponderable gap between; existential and, considering the happiness and the knowledge, and the pursuit of new terms to their fruit, outside the restricted the consumption and survival material. (MATOSO, 2012).
All this and more is part of our contemporary times, this time you can’t say for certain how far it goes, just know what happens until today, but tomorrow is always a thriller, an expectation.
We can observe that contemporary season became of constant transformation, everything happens momentarily, turning so the society constantly. What today may be important, it may not be over.
Currently we went through a process of renewal, and so we live in a condition of determination in the face of numerous dilemmas in the most diverse fields of knowledge and the living, which, in addition to being a source of anguish and discomfort, are also challenges the imagination, creativity and thought. So come into being what we call contemporary, is where happen all our problems, but it is also where happen all our achievements, our pleasures, but finally is where we carry out fully, so spiritual and material and may express, of the most varied, our feelings and emotions, no matter how they are represented, but rather its originality and its context.
This time can also be understood as the time of creativity, inclusiveness, the restoration of the natural elements, the site of the dilemmas, the opening of new possibilities. In this way, the concept of novelty only makes sense when effectively adds a non-existent quality previously, or updates something that already exists. A time that opens to a growing awareness of the discontinuity, the nonlinearity of the difference, a new look, a new thought, the need of dialogue, the complexity, of chance, the detour and the challenge of the new, of the improvisation, falls down to the technique and what strikes is the form, the material, the new context and thus a new meaning Finally, for a deep of ideas between ressignification humans.
Every human being is invited to build a singular narrative, and just because there is a story, a life transcribes, and so becomes part of your time, a while back, but that certainly is marked in history, whether in our contemporaneity or there will be a next time, that it is for the future to decide.
Broadly, the contemporary art encompasses the General and abstract world and invades everything we think and imagine; mess with our minds, in other words, our thinking, with which we played, the matter around us, our reality; and the reason, our logic, the truth. The art is beyond our thinking, she can be our unconscious, only it allows us a journey without limits, where everything is possible, just see and feel everything that happens around us.
“I believe that the time is there, he passes, can be measured in hours and days, which then is different from now and what will also be different this time, that the past can be remembered or forgotten, and the future, desired or feared. (DE SOUZA CHAUI, 2001, p. 7)
We all have a conception of the nature of the world we live in and the place that it occupies. Occasionally, all doubt and question beliefs, not just ours as the others, with more or less success without having a theory about what we do, we only know that nothing comes from nothing, that in the world and the experience that we have there is back, return, the mind is in space, this space we’re looking for both question; question to find solutions to our problems. Our mind goes beyond, looking for the incessant search for the right, but in the frenzy of everyday life that are really what we are and that’s how we really live, servicing every day some of the seat of wisdom.
“Art as expression is not just allegory and symbol. It is something deeper, because it seeks to express the world through the artist. In doing so, takes us to discover the meaning of culture and history “(DE SOUZA CHAUI, 2001, p. 152).
Understand contemporary art is to learn to look at the world and the facts more carefully and more responsibility, seeking to analyse your whys. Considering this, we can perceive the world in question, and question what actually are; are we thinking beings, or does someone think for us? We are on Earth to live or just to spend the day? They seem like simple questions, but just to mess with the thought and leave questions. Everything has a reason and a meaning, but the answer should be found in every human being, each with its peculiarities.
Since the beginning of the 20th century, however, abandons the idea of judgment of taste as a criterion of assessment and evaluation of works of art. In fact, the arts are no longer designed exclusively from the point of view of the production of beauty to be seen under other perspectives, such as expression of emotions and desires, interpretation and critique of social reality, creative activity of novel procedures for the invention of artistic objects, etc. (DE SOUZA CHAUI, 2001, p. 149)
Contemporary art transfigures reality so that we have real access to it, shows what we already know, but we weren’t able to find out what we already knew, unbalance what is established, creates doubts, answer questions with other questions, and open more questions.
His artistic works, because they are totally different from normal (figurative painting), are often bad, are prejulgados as being ugly and meaningless; but in truth, they seek to show not the beauty for the eyes and for the soul. We need to see and review, contemporary art and the spectator a second look, one more question marks in their thinking and showing how she interacts in society and in the lives of your audience.
Contemporary art often makes our mind diving for the unconscious, interacting with the I, we and our thinking generates a new think back to question; our answers are more questions, this causes the human brain exercise, being inquisitive and critical to the society in which it is inserted and himself, thus completing the cycle of contemporary art, and she thus fulfilling its function.
From this article we can realize the breadth of contemporary art, the numerous forms of presentation, and the uncanny ability to interact in people’s lives, seeking answers and increasing questions about the world and the way we live. Contemporary art can invade our lives even without meaning to, she can be in all possible places, showing that everything we think and what we do has a why, and often this reply back to us in the form of a new inquiry.
It is through art that we can create and recreate all, give a new sense things and even our own lives, because if the contemporary art has the function of making think, it is the duty of each individual to think about you, and how does this contemporaneity, thus completing the cycle art and life and so vice versa, leaving recorded their history.
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 Professor at the municipal network of Santa Rosa. Degree in drawing/FEMA/RS, postgraduate in art and education/Uniasselvi/SC.